On May 15, 2019, at the thematic forum “Sharing Experience on Asian Governance,” part of the Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing, the Academy of Contemporary China and World Studies (ACCWS) issued an assessment report on Asia’s role in global governance.
Based on the data provided by the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the report constructs an evaluation system for the participation and contribution of global governance for 42 Asian countries in 2018.
China, Japan and India were listed in the top ten among 189 countries and regions in the world for their outstanding performance in establishing and maintaining multilateral global governance mechanisms and tackling common challenges such as poverty reduction. China ranked second, following the United States. Considering the huge population size, geographical space and economic volume of the Asian region, however, Asian countries still have tremendous potential for growth in their participation in global governance.
In addition to China, India and Japan, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Philippines, Singapore and other Asian countries also ranked among the top 50. However, judging from the rankings of Asian countries, only a few countries showed excellent performance, and results are less satisfying for most countries.
Overall, Asian countries contribute more to global governance, but they are less involved in the construction and performance of global governance mechanisms and voicing opinions for global governance decisions.
By comparing the cultures of different regions such as Europe, America and Africa, the study finds that Asian countries have unique cultural advantages in global governance. They have genes for peaceful cooperation, an open and inclusive character, a tradition of learning from each other, and a concept of mutual benefit. They show strong potential and space for development. Asian countries, with their Asian cultural identity, should join hands and strengthen coordination, learn from each other’s strengths while complementing each other’s weaknesses, and cooperate in an inclusive manner so as to join forces in promoting global governance for a more just and rational future.